Behaviour Management

Paul Dix’s seminar on behaviour management was undoubtedly one of the highlights of the course so far. He demonstrated what effective teaching looks like and he had the ability to engage and ‘hold’ the attention of a lecture theatre crammed with 180 students. No mean feat!
Dix was clear that you cannot just learn a set of behaviour management techniques. During his early teaching career he worked alongside a colleague who managed classroom behaviour effectively. His colleague displayed the following three characteristics; consistency, certainty and relationships. He was quite strict but fair; he followed up incidents personally and forged relationships over time.
There are two key themes I would like to focus on during this post as a response to Paul’s lecture; these are the behaviour of the adult and praising the 90 percent.

The behaviour of the adult
Our behaviour as a teacher has a profound influence on the behaviour of the pupils; in his lecture Dix stated ‘we need to step through incidents calmly without anger’. How can we expect the children to behave if we shout, use humiliation, are intimidating, make assumptions and judge without asking questions? We must model the behaviour we want from our pupils. We must be polite, fair, show unconditional respect, be encouraging, listen, empathise, and give praise.
I have the tendency to be really patient and then finally lose the plot. According to Cowley (2010), an assertive teaching style is the ideal approach for effective behaviour management. I need to develop my level of assertiveness as I tend to lean towards a passive approach. Cowley (2002) interviewed students from a range of age groups, ability groups, cultural and social backgrounds. The students identified two types of teachers who are good at controlling behaviour, ‘firm but fun’ or ‘strict and scary’. I aspire to be a ‘firm but fun’ teacher.

Praise the 90 percent
Paul told us that 90 percent of the children we teach will be fine, only 10 percent will struggle with their behaviour, a reassuring statistic! Yet too often the children being naughty will receive all the attention of the teacher, only reinforcing the notion that being badly behaved works. What we should do is praise the 90 percent that are being well-behaved, and give them our first attention. Focus on the positive and not the negative behaviour. Whilst on a learning walk at my placement school, I have witnessed the power of positive praise in action. The Year 6 teacher used language such as ‘I am particularly pleased with…’ and ‘well done, fantastic to see you looking and listening’. This helped to achieve a very positive atmosphere in her classroom.
The Asch Experiment looked at human conformity, the influence of group pressure and the desire to conform. Cowley (2002) suggests that if you can get the majority of students on your side, then they will often influence the behaviour of the trouble makers, who will start to feel like the odd ones out and adjust their behaviour accordingly.
Charlie Taylor is an expert advisor to the government on behaviour in schools and has compiled a really useful behaviour checklist for head teachers and teachers on how to get the simple things right.
http://media.education.gov.uk/assets/files/pdf/c/charlie%20taylor%20checklist.pdf
At my placement school the new head teacher has implemented a new behaviour policy and school rules system, see the following link:
http://western-road.eschools.co.uk/site/6013-parents-info/page-80200-statutory-documentation
The school have high expectations of children’s behaviour and positive behaviour strategies are used. There is now a real consistency across the whole school, with all teachers speaking with one voice. A laminated set of rules are displayed in each classroom. I have seen my class teacher refer to these rules when giving a child a sanction; this helps the child to know the teacher is simply following the school policy and not personally ‘attacking’ them.
There are a number of challenging pupils in my Year 4 placement class. During SBT1 my main aims are to learn how to achieve a consistently assertive style and to be a ‘firm but fair’ teacher. If I can achieve these outcomes, I will be in a good position for SBT2 and beyond.

References
Cowley, S. (2006) Getting the buggers to behave 2. Continuum International Publishing Group.
Cowley, S. (2010) Getting the buggers to behave (4th edition). Continuum International Publishing Group.
DFE Charlie Taylor checklist (2014)
http://media.education.gov.uk/assets/files/pdf/c/charlie%20taylor%20checklist.pdf
Western Road Community Primary School Behaviour Policy
http://western-road.eschools.co.uk/site/6013-parents-info/page-80200-statutory-documentation

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One thought on “Behaviour Management

  1. I definitely agree, I think Paul Dix’s lecture will become one of the most memorable from the PGCE! I loved how he used humour to keep us all engaged and how involved we were with all that was going on. The lecture touched on so many things that as a student teacher you will be asking yourself every day at your placement school.

    I loved the two types of teacher that you have mentioned – I am also aiming to become ‘firm but fun’. At the moment, however, it is quite tricky to find my feet in the great big maze of the Behaviour for Learning. I have always believed that a positive classroom climate is at the basis of positive learning and teaching and in order to create that climate it is necessary for teachers to form the relationships with their pupils that are derived from mutual respect, trust and exchange of dignity (Pollard, 2007). However, even though I think I have formed great relationships with most pupils, I have encountered some really challenging behaviour from a few.

    Fortunately, I did not react very negatively and managed not to put all the attention on the misbehaving student, but I just felt a bit thrown by it. I simply have never encountered such extreme behaviour in my pre-course work experience. Since then I spoke to the Class Teacher and found out that the pupil has got some emotional and behavioural issues and has in fact got an Individual Educational Plan. Since then I have continued to use the recommended strategies for behaviour management for this and other pupils in the class. It is therefore important to not only establish the good relationships, but also to understand the students’ needs and apply that understanding in our teaching: https://www.senmagazine.co.uk/articles/articles/senarticles/paul-holland.

    Another issue that caught my interest in your post and Paul’s lecture was the use of praise in the classroom and how we should focus on praising the good behaviour and focus our attention on those who do what is right rather than those who misbehave. At City Academy Whitehawk, where I am placed, the system of rewards is based heavily on the theory of behaviourism – the notion that children learn the positive behaviour through conditioning. Children are told that if they follow the class and school rules they will receive a reward – be it either a raffle ticket, a star point or their name moved up on the behaviour rocket. However, considering the difficulties and the home environments that the children I work with live in their out of school life I think that some of the behavioural practices should take from the humanistic approach. The focus there is on communicating rather than punishing and, once again, establishing relationships which will nurture pupils’ emotional needs. Throughout the immersion week I found myself adopting such an approach with the children: I was being emphatic, showing positive regard to their work and also ignoring any previous behavioural incidents and starting each lesson with a blank slate. Rather than consistently punishing their behaviour I offered some of them opportunities to talk to me after the class or have a short time out from the lesson in order to calm down. I found this very beneficial as it allowed for the lessons to run smoothly and without too many interruptions.

    I have learned a lot from Paul’s lecture and I cannot wait to apply some of those ideas in my own classroom in my NQT year. I will also be following Paul’s updates on Twitter and his website.

    Like

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